An intelligent man once said that “take care of children you already have, don’t increase the population”. If everyone will start following this principle then the world will be a better place
Population policies are made in order to see to the needs for, health care, contraception infrastructure and to provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care.
The main objective of the policies is to achieve a stable population at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, environmental protection, and social development. Questions on the population policy of India have been asked frequently in the UPSC examination.
FIVE YEAR PLANS FOR POPULATION CONTROL
The first five-year plan:
The first country in the world to begin a population control program in 1952 was our country India. Emphasized on the use of natural devices for family planning
The second five-year plan:
Work was done in the direction of Education and research and also the clinical approach was encouraged.
The third five-year plan:
Under this five year plan, the sterilization technique was adopted for both men and women in the year 1965. The technique of copper- T was also adopted and the Family Planning Department was set up
The fourth five-year plan:
Birth control methods of all kinds were encouraged under this plan the conventional and the modern
The fifth five-year plan:
The National Population Policy was announced under this plan on the 16th of April, 1976. According to this policy the minimum age for marriage determined by the Sharda Act, 1929 was increased. It increased the age for boys from 18 to 21 years and for the girls from 14 to 18 years. Forced sterilization was permitted which was later removed. The name of the Janata Party Government changed the name of the Family Planning Department to Family Welfare Development in the year 1977. The five-year plans are an important topic as per UPSC 2020 syllabus.
The sixth, seventh and eighth plans:
Under these five year plans efforts were done to control the population by determining long term demographic aims.
The ninth five-year plan:
In 1993, an expert group under the chairmanship of M.S. Swaminathan was established by the government for formulating the national population policy.
Though this group had the draft ready for the new population policy in 1994, it was renewed in 1999 by the Family Welfare Department and was passed by the parliament in the year 2000. The Central Government formed the new national population policy in February 2000.
Objectives of the Ninth Five Year Plan
There was an easy supply of birth control devices under it. The development of health protection and health workers recruitment were also made a part of it.
Middle- term objective:
The total fertility rate had to bring down to the replacement level of 2.1 by 2010
Long term objective:
Under it, the objective of population stabilization is to achieved by the year 2045
The population has to be stabilized at the level which must be harmful from the points of view of economic, social development and environmental protection.
According to the new population policy it has been said to keep the composition of the Lok Sabha unchanged by 2026 so that states could cooperate without any fear.
This was all about the Population Policy of India. 1 strategy for UPSC 2020 is to solve the test series and the past question papers daily to get a good score. The UPSC 2020 calendar includes the important dates of the examination so do keep yourself updated.