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UPSC 2020 preparation strategy

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UPSC & State PSC 2021 Published on 03 March 2020

Your UPSC 2020 preparation strategy should involve the plan for prelims as well

as mains. The following topics are included in both prelims and mains.


Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act: Representation of People

Act includes qualification of voters, delimitation of constituencies, preparation of

electoral rolls and allocation of seats in the Parliament and state legislatures.

It consists of 13 parts (2 parts added as amendments).

Each part is divided into different sections taking the total to 171 numbered sections.

A provisional parliament has been mentioned in Article 21 of the Indian constitution.

The provisional Parliament enacted the Representation of People’s Act 1951 to

conduct general elections according to the rules mentioned.

Expressions that are not used in the 1951 act, but are listed in Representation of the

People Act 1950 (43 of 1950) shall have the same meaning.

Chief Electoral Officer is mentioned in section 13A whereas Corrupt practices are

mentioned in section 123.

Election means appointment to fill seats in either House of the Legislature of a State.


Appointment to various Constitutional posts: The major constitutional bodies set up

under the Constitution of India are-

UPSC (Union Public Service Commission)

State Public Service Commission

Joint State Public Service Commission

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India

Election Commission of India

Finance Commission of India

National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC)

National Commission for Scheduled Tribe

Staff Selection Commission (SSC)

Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

These Constitutional bodies are formed under detailed instructions given in the

Constitution.

It is compulsory for the government to set up such a body and it cannot

shut it down easily when it becomes uncomfortable.

These bodies cannot be eliminated without amending that part of the Constitution which sometimes also requires the consent of the states.


Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies: A statutory body is not

demarcated in Constitution of India and gets its powers, authority and service rules

by an act of parliament or state legislatures. The statutory bodies include University

Grant Commission, Armed Forces Tribunal, National Human Rights Commission,

National Commission for Women, National Commission for Minorities, National

Commission for Backward Classes, National Law Commission, National Green

Tribunal and National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission.


The regulatory bodies are accountable for exercising authority over some area of

human activity.

The regulatory bodies are Reserve Bank of India, Advertising Standards Council of

India, Competition Commission of India, Biodiversity authority of India, Press council

of India, Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Forward Markets Commission,

Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority, Inland Waterways Authority of

India, Securities and Exchange Board of India, Telecom Disputes Settlement and

Appellate Tribunal, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, The Food Safety and

Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), Central pollution control board, Financial

Stability and Development Council, Medical Council of India and Pension fund

regulatory and development authority.


Quasi-judicial bodies have powers similar to law imposing bodies but these are not

courts. The quasi-judicial bodies are National Human Rights Commission, State

Human Rights Commission, National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission,

Central Information Commission, State Information Commission, State Consumer

Disputes Redressal Commission, District Consumer Disputes Redressal Forum,

Competition Commission of India, Appellate Tribunal for Electricity, State Electricity

Regulatory Commission, Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Intellectual Property

Appellate Tribunal, Central Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal, Banking

Ombudsman, Railway Claims Tribunal, Insurance Ombudsman, Income tax

Ombudsman, Electricity Ombudsman and State Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal.


UPSC online form will be released in February which gives you ample to prepare

your strategy.


All the best to all upsc 2020 Aspirants !

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