Tourism is the most important socio-economic activity for the country's development. Tourism brings valuable foreign exchange to the country which adds to the overall national income. Due to the diverse geographical locales, the Tourism industry is one of the flourishing industries in India.
From the abundance of monuments and forts to mountains and river places, India attracts tourist attention. Secularism in India adds a pinch of beauty to all the states where tourists can witness a diversity in food, language, custom, regional practices, etc. from northern to southern states.
Diversity in climate is also the major reason for such a sharp rise in the tourism sector, where tourists can enjoy snowfall in the northern part while at the same time they can experience hot waves in the southern part. Most of you must be unaware of the fact that there are different types of tourism and their benefits. In this article, we will let you know about all the types and their benefits.
Types of tourism
Pilgrimage tourism- Pilgrimage tourism is one of the earliest forms of tourism. India is a secular country thus there are various popular temples and shrines in India which attract tourist attention. People around the world travel to India to visit famous temples such as Vaishno Devi, golden temple, Mathura Vrindavan, Kedarnath, etc.
Adventure tourism- Adventure tourism has recently grown in India but has made a significant impact on the tourism industry. This involves exploring new areas and engaging in various adventurous activities, people usually travel to places like Himachal and Ladakh for trekking and rafting.
Wildlife tourism- India has a rich forest cover where 21.6% of the land is covered with dense forest with exotic species of wildlife. Wildlife tourism is on the rise in India because India has even endangered and rare species in its wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Some popular wildlife tourism spots are Sariska wildlife sanctuary, Corbett national park.
Medical tourism- Tourists from all over the world visit India to avail of cost-effective and superior quality healthcare service. Whether to take general medication advice or for complicated surgical procedures tourists trust India for its healthcare services.
Ecotourism- Ecotourism means to experience the natural environment without damaging the natural habitat. For ecotourism, tourists visit places like Gir national park, Kaziranga national park, etc.
Importance of Tourism
The tourism industry is the backbone of any country because it is essential for the development of many economies around the world. Tourism not only boosts the overall revenue of the economy but creates many jobs and develops the infrastructure of the country. Tourism is a way in which people exchange cultural views. This is why people started realizing the importance of tourism.
Tourism not only generates employment in the tourism sector but also generates employment in the agriculture sector, service sector, healthcare sector, educational sector, etc. When tourists travel to various locations it becomes profitable not only to the hospitality sector but also to local shops and restaurants of that area.
To attract more tourist attractions the government keeps on spending on the infrastructure which adds to the beauty of the state. Tourism also creates a cultural exchange of values where tourists get to know about different cultures, this also increases cultural acceptance among people.
Thus we have mentioned the major points to be covered while writing an essay on tourism that is- types of tourism, how important tourism is for a country to prosper. Students can refer to the above-mentioned points to score well in tourism essays. It is essential to know the importance of tourism thus nowadays schools have started including this topic in final term exams with the weightage of 5 or 8 marks. Hence it is important to prepare well and write accordingly while making points in the exam for this essay.
Tourism is the main source of generating revenue for any country. Total contribution by the travel and tourism sector to India's GDP is expected to increase from Rs. 15.24 lakh crore in 2017 to Rs. 32.05 lakh crore in 2028. With this huge number, the government of India has realized the importance of tourism and started investing a huge amount of money to promote tourism. They are also taking the help of other means to promote tourism such as radio and TV channels advertising.
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