Classification: This is one of the easiest topics of reasoning where you just have to apply your thinking capability properly. In this topic, you have to classify an element or a group of elements on the basis of a particular characteristic and have to choose the odd one out from the given options. The correct option should not possess the feature which is common among the rest of the options. These questions require minimum calculation and can be attempted correctly in very little time. For example,
(A) Choose the odd one out-
In this, the correct answer is "Feeling" since all the other options are types of feelings.
(B) Choose the odd pair-
The correct answer is "Sad: Unhappy" since all other options are antonyms.
Analogy: In this section, a relation between two words is given and you have to identify a similar relation from the given options. There are different types of analogies like synonym, antonym, descriptive, part-to-whole, steps in a process, cause and effect, things and their functions,
item to a category, implied relationships, symbol and what it represents. Different candidates have different strengths and weaknesses. You have to identify which type of analogy is your strength and work on your weakness. For example-
(A) Bow: Arrow:: Gun:?
The bow shoots arrow. Similarly, a gun shoots bullet. Hence, the answer is "Bullet".
Coding-Decoding: Coding is a method in which a message is sent in an encrypted form to the receiver so only he/she can decode it without a third person knowing what the encryption contains.
There are different types of coding-decoding:
1. Letter Coding - The alphabets of a word will be replaced by other alphabets according to a rule.
2. Substitution - The name of the objects will be replaced by another name.
3. Mixed Letter Coding - A message is given in coded language and the code of a particular word is asked.
4. Mixed Number Coding - You will be asked to find the number code of a particular word.
Puzzle: This is the trickiest topic in reasoning that most candidates dread. Firstly, understand the puzzle structure since there are different types of structures like seating arrangement (linear and circular), floors, blood relations, etc.
The approach is to read the question carefully. Write down all the conditions that are mentioned in the question. Simultaneously, start making the structure. Multiple structures will be formed
depending on the different conditions but as you proceed, the structures will start getting eliminated one by one. The final structure that is left will be your answer.
Practice as much as you can and regularly attempt mock tests to analyse your preparation. Keep preparing for SSC current affairs side-by-side since it is also a scoring section and takes the least amount of time to attempt if your preparation is solid. By taking reference from above example you can easily co-relate question for SSC CGL 2020 Exam