Your UPSC 2020 preparation strategy should involve the plan for prelims as well as mains. The following topics are included in both prelims and mains.
Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act: Representation of People's Act includes qualification of voters, delimitation of constituencies, preparation of electoral rolls and allocation of seats in the Parliament and state legislatures.
It consists of 13 parts (2 parts added as amendments). Each part is divided into different sections taking the total to 171 numbered sections.
A provisional parliament has been mentioned in Article 21 of the Indian constitution. The provisional Parliament enacted the Representation of People’s Act 1951 to conduct general elections according to the rules mentioned.
Expressions that are not used in the 1951 act, but are listed in Representation of the People Act 1950 (43 of 1950) shall have the same meaning.
Chief Electoral Officer is mentioned in section 13-A whereas Corrupt practices are mentioned in section 123.
Election means appointment to fill seats in either House of the Legislature of a State other than the State of Jammu and Kashmir or House of Parliament.
Appointment to various Constitutional posts: The major constitutional bodies set up under the Constitution of India are-
These Constitutional bodies are formed under detailed instructions given in the Constitution. It is compulsory for the government to set up such a body and it cannot shut it down easily when it becomes uncomfortable.
These bodies cannot be eliminated without amending that part of the Constitution which sometimes also requires the consent of the states.
Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies: A statutory body is not demarcated in Constitution of India and gets its powers, authority and service rules by an act of parliament or state legislatures.
The statutory bodies include University Grant Commission, Armed Forces Tribunal, National Human Rights Commission, National Commission for Women, National Commission for Minorities, National Commission for Backward Classes, National Law Commission, National Green Tribunal and National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission.
The regulatory bodies are accountable for exercising authority over some area of human activity.
The regulatory bodies are Reserve Bank of India, Advertising Standards Council of India,
Competition Commission of India, Biodiversity authority of India, Press council of India, Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Forward Markets Commission, Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority, Inland Waterways Authority of India, Securities and Exchange Board of India,
Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI),
Central pollution control board, Financial Stability and Development Council, Medical Council of India and Pension fund regulatory and development authority.
Quasi-judicial bodies have powers similar to law imposing bodies but these are not courts. The quasi-judicial bodies are National Human Rights Commission, State Human Rights Commission, National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, Central Information Commission, State Information Commission, State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission, District Consumer Disputes
Redressal Forum, Competition Commission of India, Appellate Tribunal for Electricity, State Electricity Regulatory Commission, Income Tax Appellate Tribunal, Intellectual Property Appellate Tribunal, Central Excise and Service Tax Appellate Tribunal, Banking Ombudsman, Railway Claims Tribunal, Insurance Ombudsman, Income tax Ombudsman, Electricity Ombudsman and State Sales Tax Appellate Tribunal.
TIPS for UPSC 2020 Exam: online form will be released in February which gives you Sample to prepare your strategy.
All The Best To All The UPSC 2020 Aspirants !