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P - Block elements For IIT JEE 2020 Aspirants

Updated on 15 February 2020
IIT JEE Preparation
6 min read 1 views
Updated on 15 February 2020

As you are preparing to IIT JEE 2020 Exam, and that too chemistry in JEE main, It is important to prepare about the Periodic table and its components. Before going further, first, we need to know what is the Periodic Table?

What is Periodic Table:

The Periodic Table is a chart that features all of the recognized elements based on their atomic numbers. Completely different columns within the periodic table are generally known as groups and rows are referred to as periods.

The elements that are positioned left to the periodic table are metals and elements that are on the right are referred to as non-metals. All of the metals are solid at room temperature and non-metals are liquid or gaseous. Metalloids embody properties of each metallic and non-metals.

What are the P Black Elements?

The p-block exists on the right facet of the periodic table which includes elements from six columns, begins with 3A column and ends with 8A Column. Helium which is positioned on the top of column 8A is not included within the p-block.

The p-block elements are united as their valence electrons are within the p orbital. This orbital comprises six-lobed shapes which can be coming from a central level at evenly spaced angles. It holds most of 6 electrons and therefore there are six columns within the p-block.

The primary column of p-block where elements in column 3A have one valence electron. And in column 4A, the 2nd column has two valence electrons. This development continues until we attain to the column 8A which has 6 valence electrons.

Property of P-Block Metal:

These metals have classical metallic traits that they're shiny, good conductors of warmth and electricity and in addition, they lose electrons. They have excessive melting points and react with non-metals to form ionic compounds.

When ion bonds of an optimistic metal react with unfavorable non-metal ions, ionic compounds are formed. Gallium is positioned within the third row of column 3A is a metal that may simply soften on the palm of your hand.

Tin exists within the 4th row of column 4A and is versatile, ample and helpful metal. It is a vital element as many different metal alloys – solder, pewter, and bronze.

Just subsequent to tin is lead which is a poisonous metal together with a fascinating historical past. Lead is used for a lot of issues right from food sweeteners to pottery glazes to consuming utensils. Lead is poisonous and used within the manufacturing of paints.

Properties of P-Block Metalloids:

Metalloids embrace properties of each metal and nonmetal. Elements that can be acknowledged as metalloids are positioned within the p-block comparable to germanium, silicon, arsenic, and tellurium.

Silicon is the favored metalloid and is the second most ample element on the Earth. Additionally, it used to make microchips for computer systems and totally different electronic gadgets. Germanium consists of comparable properties to Silicon.

Properties of P-Block Non-metal

Lots of the p-block elements are nonmetals that have low boiling factors. These are poor conductors of electrical energy and don't lose electrons. Some non-metals are solid at room temperature whereas others are gases. There's one non-metal within the p-block element, bromine which is liquid at room temperature.


So now, we also covered P Block elements, one of the important topics in chemistry for IIT JEE main’s preparation. Come again for a different topic and all the best for your JEE exam.

All The Best To All The IIT JEE 2020 Aspirants !

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