Ghiyasuddin and Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1320-1351) | important - Study24x7
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Ghiyasuddin and Muhammad bin Tughlaq (1320-1351) | important Topic For UPSC Exam

Updated on 22 March 2021
UPSC & State PSC 2021
6 min read 4 views
Updated on 22 March 2021

With the arrival of New Year, UPSC Exam are getting nearer. Students can be seen preparing for their exams and giving their best. But if you are worrying about UPSC history and are looking for ways to ace the exam can scroll down to go through the below-written information. 

  1. Ghiyasuddin and his son Mohammad Bin Tughlaq refused to obey the non-annexation policy of Alauddin. The policy comprised of leaving stable states other than their kingdom. Instead of acceding to the policy, the Tughlaqs agreed on sending an annual tribute and accepting a formal submission of the surrounding kingdoms.

  1. According to historians, both Ghiyasuddin and Mohammad bin Tughalq were determined to annex each and every territory in India and establish their own rules and laws. In fact, the control and of the capital (Delhi) were extended till the southern parts of India including Madurai, Coromandel, Warangal and many more.

  1. After winning over a territory, Muhammad Bin Tughalq used to assign an official according to his desire and would then impose the desired revenue cutoffs for the newly conquered territory. The audits were then made on orders of Mohammad Bin Tughalq which didn’t please the common people in the long run.

  1. But Mohammad Bin Tughlaq was quite interested in ensuring uniformity in his kingdom and therefore, he introduced a huge number of laws and rules during his reign. However, the common people were already dissatisfied with the new rules imposed in the directly ruled territories and with the newly introduced plans of the centralized control within the kingdom.

  1. Then came a time when Mohammad Bin Tughalq felt difficulties in controlling his southern parts of the kingdom. Moreover, during the reign of his father, Mohammad Bin Tughalq served and controlled in the southern parts of India as the crowned prince. It was then he decided to shift his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad (Deogiri) so that he could have ease in controlling the entire kingdom.

  1. But this wasn’t accepted by the people but Muhammad Bin Tughaalq seemed to be in no mood to listen to what the public had to say. According to some legends, his plan to relocate the capital was a well-planned decision which however badly failed. It was decided that since the Sultan was facing difficulties in ruling a kingdom which was widespread to the southern parts of India, shifting to Deogiri, a place which was quite familiar to the Sultan, would be a great decision.

  1.  Moreover, the Sultan was well-aware of the area as he had spent his days as both prince and ruler. The climate too seemed to be quite favorable. Hence, the decision to relocate the capital was imposed. It is said that special arrangements were made for those who acceded to shift from Delhi to Daulatabad. 

  1. Trees were planted on both sides of the road and after every two miles, resting halts were made to ensure the comfort of common people. In order to welcome people from Delhi, arrangements were made at Daulatabad. However, many of the people died while relocating as the journey was started during the hot summer days. 

  1.  There was a time when there was a huge rebellion in Mabar and the Sultan went to suppress the rebels with his force. However, he fell ill and he was rumored to be dead. Hence, his idea of having a centralized state failed badly. We hope you will find the above-written information to be helpful. All the best!!!

All the Best To All The UPSC 2020 Aspirants!

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