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Indian polity and governance - UPSC 2020

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UPSC & State PSC 2021 Published on 15 February 2020

The most common doubt of most of the aspirants is the issue of UPSC attempts. They are unsure of how many questions they should attempt and how many to guess. First of all, it is essential to understand that no one can try all the questions. The trick here is first to attempt the questions that you are completely sure of.

Then go through the paper again and apply the method of elimination. Try to attempt questions with intelligent guesses, but don't attempt those questions which you are not sure of at all.


In this article, we will discuss Indian polity and governance in brief with a focus on Panchayati Raj, the economic policy of India and Indian culture.


Panchayati Raj and Community Development


The Panchayati Raj system was advocated by Mahatma Gandhi as the foundation of the Indian political system. This system was introduced in 1992 through a constitutional amendment and is based on the traditional panchayat system.


Although it was supposed to be a decentralized form of government where every village would have been responsible for its own affair, the Panchayati Raj has been assigned several administrative functions at the local level after India adopted a centralized form of government, thus, empowering them to a certain level.


The Panchayati Raj system is considered essential for the socio-economic and political development of rural society.


  1. Features of Economic Policy of India
  2. Liberalization: This means that the new economic policy provides relief to the private sector from unwanted rules and regulations. The new policy has freed industries from industrial licensing except for 18 industries, which include industries related to security, hazardous chemicals, etc.
  3. Privatization: It means allowing private ownership of public-owned and managed enterprises and also introduces individual control and management in public sector enterprises.
  4. Globalization: It means opening the economy for the world market as it offers both opportunities and challenges.
  5. Public Sector Policy: The focus has now shifted from public to private sector. Disinvestment of shares of PSUs is widely done to encourage the participation of the people and also to raise resources.


Indian Culture


India is home to diverse communities, and each community has its language, customs, religion, dance, music, architecture, food, etc. and it changes from place to place.


That's why India is known as a country that is an amalgamation of different cultures. This diverse culture of India has a profound effect on the Info sphere (areas of Indian cultural influence in South-East Asia).


When you check the UPSC answer key of different coaching centers after attempting the exam, make sure you don't stick to just one answer key as solutions might differ. Don't get disheartened if you feel your score is not adequate; wait for the result to come out.



All The Best To All The UPSC 2020 Aspirants !


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