NDA ( National Defence Academy) is an academy of Indian Armed Forces. The UPSC (union public service commission) conducts the NDA Exam twice a year only for boys appearing or just cleared their intermediate or equivalent. NDA trains them before they go to their respective service academies of Indian Air Force or Indian Navy or Indian Army. The NDA Exam comprises a written test and a personality cum intelligence test called SSB Interview. The students who clear both the exams are recommended for the final round.
The selection procedure for NDA Exam is as follows:
1. The first step is to clear the written exam and at this stage most of the students fail due to lack of proper preparation.
2. The candidates who qualify the written exam are called for the SSB Interview which is the second stage of the selection process.
3. The final stage is the medical examination.
NDA Exam Preparation should be followed with complete determination and hardwork as this exam is tough and tons of aspirants opt for it every year. It is important that candidates know the syllabus and exam pattern for a better preparation.
The written exam consists of two papers. Paper 1 consist of Mathematics that carries 120 questions and the weightage is 300 marks for entire paper 1. Paper 2 is the General Ability Test (GAT), which contains 150 questions of 600 marks. Each paper is of 2 1/2 hours. For selection, candidates are judged out of 1800 marks, where 900 marks are assigned to the written test and 900 marks to SSB.
In Maths, questions are asked from:
1. Integral Calculus
2. Differential Equations
3. Trigonometry, Algebra
4. Vector Algebra
5. Matrices and Determinants
6. Analytical Geometry
7. Statistics & Probability
Candidates must be quick in doing the calculations as they have a stipulated time to answer one question. Only practice can give you the ability to do the calculations as fast as possible. So it is recommended that you practice daily.
GAT comprises two parts. Part A comprises questions from English while Part B consists of questions from Chemistry, General Science, History, Freedom Movement, Geography, Current Events, etc. GAT covers the major portion of the NDA written exam and so, you just cannot ignore this section. Check the preparation tips for both the parts below:
PART A: ENGLISH
English is very important for you if you are planning to face the NDA Exam.
The English test is held for 200 marks and covers topics from vocabulary, grammar and usage, and comprehension. For English, you have to read as much as you can. Read English books, newspapers, novels, blogs or you can watch an English tv channel. This will help you in improving your English and general knowledge as well. Also, candidates should focus on basic grammar rules. While reading, if you come across some difficult words then check that in the dictionary. You will come to know its meaning as well as it will help to boost your English preparation.
PART B: GENERAL KNOWLEDGE
The GK test carries 400 marks and assesses a candidate's understanding of the Current Affairs. The test includes questions from General Science, Indian history, Physics, Geography, Chemistry and Current Events. GAT covers the major portion of the NDA written exam and so, you just cannot ignore this section. Follow the news updates regularly. Candidates must have knowledge of events like sports, arts, literature, etc. Read about the current affairs, economic affairs, current and past policies topics related to India and its neighbouring countries.
It is very important to do the preparation in the right direction. By solving previous year questions, your speed will boost up as well as you will get the idea about the exam pattern of the examination and difficulty level of the questions asked in the examination. Candidates will get an idea of the type of questions asked in the exam as well. The language of questions are either in Hindi or English. In Mathematics, candidates will score 2.5 marks for each correct answer while 0.83 marks will be deducted for each wrong answer. For every correct answer in GAT, candidates will score 4 marks while 1.33 marks will be deducted for every wrong answer.
After qualifying the written exam, candidates are called for the SSB Interview which is the second stage of the selection process. The SSB Interview has two different tests – Psychological Aptitude Test and Intelligence Test.
For qualifying these tests, here are some of the SSB interview tips:
* Maintain health and physical strength.
* Check your diet, exercise and improve your eating routine.
* Work hard on yourself.
* Work on your English speaking skills.
* Read the newspaper on a daily basis to improve your English.
Along with knowing how to prepare for NDA, candidates must also know the physical test process. All the candidates must be mentally and physically fit according to the physical standards prescribed by the UPSC. Many qualified candidates are rejected on medical grounds. So, it is advised to the candidates that they should get themselves medically examined before applying for the NDA. By knowing how to prepare for NDA physical test candidates can guarantee their final selection in this medical exam.
* As per NDA eligibility , make a balance of height to weight ratio.
* Ensure that your eye vision is as per standard format.
* Person should be free from any medical diseases.
* To be physically fit daily running is required.
This is the entire preparation strategy and tips that candidates need to follow to clear the NDA examination. It is also important that you keep a look on the NDA exam date by checking the official portal of NDA. All the best to all the aspirants!