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Common Subjects between 12th Biology Syllabus and NEET Preparation

Updated on 30 March 2021
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Updated on 30 March 2021

While preparing for any kind of examination, the first step that students must follow is to be thorough with their syllabus. Having complete knowledge of the syllabus is very essential as students can judge what to expect in the examination. The syllabus lays a clear roadmap for the students to understand their entire course and helps them to score the best grades. In this article, we will lay emphasis on the syllabus of both class 12th biology and NEET examination. 

Class 12 biology forms the base for students who are aspiring for their NEET exam. All the core concepts that are taught in class 12 lays a foundation for students to crack their medical entrance exams. So, while preparing for NEET Exam, students must first read their syllabus and be well-aware of the subjects. This step will surely help students to ace their NEET exam as NEET is one of the toughest exams to crack. 

It is a national level exam and not many students are able to clear this exam on their first attempt as there is a lot of competition. Students from all over India appear for this exam to get into their dream university to pursue MBBS and BDS programs. 

So, through this article, we will list the common subjects between class 12th biology and NEET exam that will help students to boost their preparation and avoid wasting their precious time. 

Common Subjects between Class 12 Biology and NEET Syllabus 

1. Reproduction 

Chapter 2- Sexual Reproduction in Flowering plants 

  1. Flower Structure 
  2. Development of Male and Female 
  3. Pollination- types, agencies, examples 
  4. Outbreeding devices 
  5. Pollen-Pistil interaction 
  6. Double fertilization
  7. Post Fertilization events- Development of endosperm and embryo
  8. Development of seed and formation of fruit 
  9. Special modes- Apomixis, Parthenocarpy, Polyembryony 
  10. Significance of seed and fruit formation 

Chapter 3- Human Reproduction

  1. Male and Female reproductive systems 
  2. Microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary 
  3. Gametogenesis- Spermatogenesis, oogenesis
  4. Menstrual cycle 
  5. Fertilisation, Embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation pregnancy and placenta formation (Elementary idea) 
  6. Parturition ( Elementary idea)
  7. Lactation (Elementary idea) 

Chapter 4- Reproductive Health 

  1. Need for Reproductive Health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
  2. Birth Control- Needs and Methods, Contraception, Medical termination of pregnancy (MTP)
  3. Amniocentesis
  4. Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies- IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (Elementary idea for general awareness) 

2. Genetics and Evolution 

Chapter 5- Principles of Inheritance and variation

  1. Mendelian Inheritance 
  2. Deviations from Mendelian- Incomplete Dominance, Co-dominance, Multiple alleles, inheritance of blood group, Pleiotropy 
  3. Elementary idea of polygenic inheritance 
  4. Chromosome theory of inheritance
  5. Chromosomes and genes 
  6. Sex determination in - humans, birds, honey bees 
  7. Linkage and crossing over 
  8. Sex Linked inheritance- Haemophilia, color blindness
  9. Mendelian disorder in humans- Thalassemia
  10. Chromosomal disorders in human- Down’s syndrome, Turner’s, Klinefelter’s syndromes

Chapter 6- Molecular Basis of Inheritance

  1. Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material
  2. Structure of DNA and RNA
  3. DNA Packaging
  4. DNA replication 
  5. Central Dogma
  6. Transcription, genetic code, translation
  7. Gene Expression and regulation- Lac Operon 
  8. Genome and human genome project 
  9. DNA fingerprinting

3. Biology and Human Welfare 

Chapter 8: Human Health and Diseases 

  1. Pathogens- parasites causing human diseases- Malaria, dengue, chikungunya, Filariasis, Ascariasis, Typhoid, Pneumonia, Common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm
  2.  Basic concepts of immunology- Vaccines- Cancer, HIV, AIDS 

Chapter 10: Microbes in Human Welfare 

  1. Microbes in food processing 
  2. Industrial production 
  3. Sewage treatment 
  4. Energy generation and as bio-control agents 
  5. Biofertilizers 
  6. Antibiotics- Production and judicious use 

4. Biotechnology and its Application 

Chapter 11: Biotechnology- Principles and processes 

Genetic engineering (Recombinant DNA Technology) 

Chapter 12: Biotechnology and its applications

  1. Application of biotechnology in health and agriculture- Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy, genetically modified organisms (Bt crops), Transgenic animals; biosafety issues, biopiracy and patents

5. Ecology and environment

Chapter 13: Organisms and populations

  1. Organisms and environment- Habitat, Niche, Population, Ecological adaptations
  2. Population interactions- Mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism
  3. Population attributes- Growth, Birth rate, Death rate, age distribution 

Chapter 15: Biodiversity and its conservation 

  1. Concept of biodiversity 
  2. Patterns of biodiversity
  3. Importance of biodiversity
  4. Loss of biodiversity
  5. Biodiversity conservation- Hotspots, Endangered organisms, extinction, Red data book, Biosphere reserves, national parks, sanctuaries, Ramsar sites 

The above-mentioned syllabus is also the complete syllabus of CBSE class 12 biology. Students must note that this syllabus is completely the same as the NEET syllabus. They must refer to this syllabus to prepare for their class 12 biology as well for NEET. The above syllabus is the reduced syllabus (30% reduced) for the 2021 exam as CBSE has announced to reduce the syllabus this year due to the coronavirus pandemic. 

So students can prepare for their NEET exam by referring to this syllabus and save a lot of time as they have already studied the concepts for their class 12 biology paper. The NEET exam is scheduled for 1, August 2021. For more notifications or study materials related to the NEET exam, students must log in to the official website of NEET. Good luck!

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How to score above 90% in the class 12 medical exam?

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