Mahatma Gandhi once said that “poverty is the greatest form of violence”, and this violence is being inflicted on millions of Indians every.
Being one of the fastest-growing economies India is reducing poverty of its population at a rapid pace despite the International tensions like Trade War and the rise in isolationism in the current times
However, several Indians are still suffering due to extreme poverty. India with its enormous resources and skills has to potential to help its entire population to overcome poverty. It indirectly slows down the economic growth of the country.
Poverty is when an individual has lesser accessibility and affordability to certain essentials like food, clothes, a place to live in, healthcare, education, etc then he is said to be living in poverty.
The UN and the World Bank calculate poverty through Purchasing Power Parity and a nominal relative basis. Therefore, poverty estimation differs during varying perceptions.
HOW WAS POVERTY ESTIMATED IN INDIA?
Estimation of poverty in British India:
The first-ever poverty estimation in India was done by Dadabhai Nairobi in 1901 which was published in his book “Poverty and Un- British Rule in India”
The National Planning Committee of 1936 has estimated poverty in India during the Colonial rule. It calculated poverty linking nutrition, clothing, and housing. This method was used in Independent India also. The poverty estimation by the National Planning Committee shows a grim picture of British India’s Economy.
CAUSES OF POVERTY
To study for UPSC Mains 2020, you should be thorough with the causes of poverty and the various scheme that the governments have initiated over time. Questions like these are asked in UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains as well.
SCHEMES BY THE GOVERNMENT TO REMOVE POVERTY
The UPSC 2020 vacancy civil services are about 896. The UPSC 2020 form last date is 3rd March 2020. Keep yourself updated regarding the examination.